Orte der Erinnerung 1933-1945

Orte der Erinnerung 1933 - 1945

Gedenkstätten, Dokumentationszentren und Museen
zur Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Diktatur
in Berlin und Brandenburg

Brandenburg an der Havel Memorials

Memorial to the Victims of the Euthanasia Program

The Old Prison, which stood on Nicolaiplatz in the heart of Brandenburg an der Havel, was one of six places in which a killing facility was installed as part of 'Operation T 4' in 1939. Around 9,000 sick and disabled patients from psychiatric institutions in northern and central Germany, including Berlin, were murdered here by means of poison gas between January and October of 1940. The permanent exhibition casts light on the significance of the 'euthanasia' killing facility as a 'trial gassing', as well as the systematic mass murder of Jewish psychiatric patients. It also examines the direct link between the killing centre in Brandenburg and the genocide of European Jews. The names of 8,237 identified victims are listed in a memorial book. The biographies of around thirty of the victims have been reconstructed with the help of photographs and documents.


Brandenburg Görden Prison Memorial

Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazi judicial system ran an inhuman penal regime in Brandenburg Görden prison. It was characterized by near-starvation, unhealthy working conditions and differing treatment based on racist criteria. Up to sixty per cent of the inmates were political prisoners. After start of the war, convicts were sent to Brandenburg Görden from all over Europe. From 1942 onwards, the judiciary allocated a portion of the prisoners to the concentration camps for "extermination through work". The execution facility set up here in 1940 was used to kill approximately 2,030 people from German Reich territories and many European countries between then and 1945.

In the years after 1949, Brandenburg Görden became one of the largest prisons for political prisoners in East Germany (GDR). A memorial site was established in the premises of the former Nazi execution facility in 1964.

The memorials of Brandenburg an der Havel also offer seminar rooms as well as a specialized library and an archive.


Memorial to the Victims of the Euthanasia Program

From Berlin to Brandenburg/H. main rail station, then tram no. 1, 2 or 6 to Nicolaiplatz

Thur + Fri 13 - 17, Sat + Sun 10 - 17

Vocational study days for trainee or qualified health-care professionals (also possible outside opening hours)

Programs for school groups: Wed + Thur

Brandenburg Prison Memorial

From Berlin to Brandenburg/H. main rail station, then tram no. 1 to Anton-Saefkow-Allee

The Memorial's rooms are inside the current correctional facility and so they can only be visited by prior arrangement.

Programs for school groups: Wed + Thur

Admission free; guided tours and project days for school groups from Brandenburg are free of charge; prices for others on request.


Brandenburg an der Havel Memorials

Tel: +49 33381 79 35 112 / 113

Fax: +49 33381 79 35 114